The List of Organs and Their Functions

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The Heart:The heart pumps oxygenated blood to the body and deoxygenated blood to the lungs. In the human heart there is one atrium and one ventricle for each circulation, and with both a systemic and a pulmonary circulation there are four chambers in total. The right atrium is the upper chamber of the right side of the heart which handles the returning deoxygenated blood and passed into the right ventricle to be pumped through the pulmonary artery to the lungs for re-oxygenation and removal of carbon dioxide. The left atrium receives newly oxygenated blood from the lungs as well as the pulmonary vein which is passed into the strong left ventricle to be pumped through the aorta to the different organs of the body.

The Liver: liver is a vital organ with a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver plays a major role in metabolism including glucose storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma synthesis, some hormone production, and detoxification. The liver is located below the diaphragm in the thoracic region of the abdomen. It also produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion, The liver has highly specialised tissues which regulate biochemical reactions within the body, Liver functions affect every organ and system throughout the body.

The Kidneys: kidneys are a pair of organs with several functions. They are an essential part of the urinary tract and also act in the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid balance, and regulation of blood pressure. They are the natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes which are diverted to the urinary tract. Producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium; The kidneys also are responsible for the absorption of water, glucose and amino acids. The kidneys also produce calciferol, renin and erythropoietin. These are hormones.Various endocrine hormones coordinate their endocrine functions. It accomplishes its tasks through simple methods of filtration, absorption and reabsorption and secretion.

Gastrointestinal System: The major processes occurring in the GI System are that of motility, secretion, regulation, digestion and circulation. The function and coordination of each of these actions is vital in maintaining GI health, and thus the digestion of nutrients for the entire organism. The entire alimentary canal from oral cavity to anus is described as follows: mouth – tongue – salivary glands – oesophagus– stomach – liver/gall bladder – pancreas – small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum) – large intestine which includes ascending colon – transverse colon – descending colon – rectum.Every day, seven liters of fluid are secreted by the digestive system. This fluid is composed of four primary components: ions, digestive enzymes, mucus, and bile. About half of these fluids are secreted by the salivary glands, pancreas, and liver, which compose the accessory organs and glands of the digestive system. The rest of the fluid is secreted by the GI epithelial cells.

A significant function of the GI tract is that of digestive enzymes that are secreted in the mouth (salivary amylase), stomach and intestines. Some of these enzymes are generated by accessory digestive organs [liver – pancreas (pancreatic amylase, trypsin)], while others are secreted by the epithelial cells of the stomach and intestine. While some of these enzymes remain embedded in the wall of the GI tract, others are secreted in an inactive form. When these proenzymes reach the lumen of the tract, a factor specific to a particular proenzyme will activate it.

Digested food is able to pass into the blood vessels in the wall of the intestine through the process of diffusion. The small intestine is the site where most of the nutrients from ingested food are absorbed. The inner wall, or mucosa, of the small intestine is lined with simple columnar epithelial tissue. The normal absorption of nutrients happens through Villi. The progressive accumulation of toxic elements in the human organism is reflected in part by the formation of encrusted materials on the walls of the intestines. These rubberleather like materials of dark brown-grayish colour impede the proper function of the intestines including the proper absorption-assimilation of nutrients, and generate a progressive toxification of circulatorylymphatic systems along with interstitial / inter-cellular fluids (extra- cellular fluids). The natural removal of these rubber-leather materials through a GI-Regeneration Protocol (through self-regulated enemas and colonics) is an important factor in the equation of health. At the same time a carefully designed medicinal way of eating should be implemented to help discharge additional toxins and provide optimal nutrients for the organism, thus preventing the future formation of such pathological foci. The progressive toxic contamination prevalent in modern human species is accompanied by increased parasitism. Parasites of all types (multi-cellular organisms, bacteria migrate and expand (tropism) in stages towards toxic sites (accumulations) in the organism, giving rise to multiple disorders and health problems.

The Immune System:It is a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease by identifying and neutralising pathogens and tumour cells. It detects a wide variety of agents, from viruses to parasitic worms, and needs to distinguish them from the organism’s own healthy cells and tissues in order to function properly. Detection is complicated as pathogens can evolve rapidly, producing adaptations that avoid the immune system and allow the pathogens to successfully infect their hosts.

The circulatory system:It is an organ system that passes nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes, gases, hormones, blood cells, etc. to and from cells in the body to help fight diseases and help stabilise body temperature and Ph to maintain homeostasis.

The Cardiovascular System:This system may be seen strictly as a blood distribution network, but some consider the circulatory system as composed of the cardiovascular system, which distributes blood, and the lymphatic system, which distributes lymph. Two types of fluids move through the circulatory system: blood and lymph. The blood, heart, and blood vessels form the cardiovascular system. The lymph, lymph nodes, and lymph vessels form the lymphatic system. The cardiovascular system and the lymphatic system collectively make up the circulatory system.

December 24, 2018

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