Different Types of Glands And Their Functions.

Different Types of Glands

Hypothalamus Gland:Located in the brain, underneath the thalamus and above the pituitary gland. Though it is a small area of the brain, it plays a big role in the body by influencing both the endocrine and nervous system. Hypothalamic disease is a disorder presenting primarily in the hypothalamus, which may be caused by damage resulting from malnutrition, including anorexia and bulimia eating disorders, genetic disorders, radiation, surgery, head trauma, lesion, tumour or other physical injury to the hypothalamus.

Pituitary Gland:The pituitary gland is a tiny organ, the size of a pea,found at the base of the brain. As the “master gland” of the body, it produces many hormones that travel throughout the body, directing certain processes or stimulating other glands to produce other hormones.Signs and symptoms include:
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Weakness.
• Feeling cold.
• Less frequent or no menstrual periods.
• Sexual dysfunction.
• Increased amount of urine.
• Unintended weight loss or gain.

The Thyroid Gland:The thyroid is responsible for balancing and manufacturing many hormones from iodine basically. It is also responsible for balancing temperature in the body. So it has a say in the level of inflammation. Inflammation is part of our healing but if overdone it can cause additional problems.I Finally the thyroid is responsible for the movement of chemicals within the body. With all these responsibilities it is the only gland or organ that has a direct connection with every cell in the body. So if the autoimmune takes out or damages the thyroid, what fills all those important roles? This allows hormone imbalance, chemical imbalance and temperature fluctuations to do damage in the body and allow disease to get started and to become painful. This is one of the major paths to disease. The medical method is to try to balance the hormones which at least helps with the problems in the reproductive department and occasionally helps the woman’s energy problems However the logic is to repair the thyroid and our basic treatment program with the nutritional program does just that and often quite quickly!

The major glands that make up the human endocrine system include

The Endocrine Glands: Secrete into blood flowing through them, so to let the secretion function at parts of the body distant from the gland.They are ductless glands. Their secretions are called hormones.There are two main types of gland and they are exocrine and endocrine glands.

Exocrine Glands: secrete substances into cavities or surfaces in the body, while endocrine glands secrete substances straight into the bloodstream.

Endocrine Glands:The pineal gland, thymus gland, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and the two adrenal glands are all endocrine glands.The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemical substances produced in the body that regulate the activity of cells or organs. These hormones regulate the body’s growth, metabolism (the physical and chemical processes of the body), and sexual development and function.

Parathyroids Gland:A gland next to the thyroid that secretes a hormone ( parathyroid hormone ) that regulates calcium levels in a person’s body.

Adrenal glands:The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol. Each gland has an outer cortex which produces steroid hormones and an inner medulla.The adrenal glands are small glands located on top of each kidney. They produce hormones that you can’t live without, including sex hormones and cortisol. Cortisol helps you respond to stress and has many other important functions. With adrenal gland disorders, your glands make too much or not enough hormones.

Pineal Gland: The pineal gland produces melatonin, a serotoninderived hormone which modulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles.The pineal gland is located in the epithalamus, near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two halves of the thalamus join.The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis or the “third eye”) is a small endocrine gland. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/ sleep patterns and photoperiodic (seasonal) functions.The third eye deserves some advanced research but leave it until you finish the course as it can be time consuming. Third eye kiss and effects of sodium fluoride calcifying the third eye and dumbing down!!

Reproductive glands (which include the ovaries and testes): A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism. In the female of the species the reproductive cells are the egg cells, and in the male the reproductive cells are the sperm.

Pancreas Gland: Functioning as an exocrine gland, the pancreas excretes enzymes to break down the proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids in food. Functioning as an endocrine gland, the pancreas secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon to control blood sugar levels throughout the day.It’s possible to live without a pancreas. But when the entire pancreas is removed, people are left without the cells that make insulin and other hormones that help maintain safe blood sugar levels. These people develop diabetes, which can be hard to manage because they are totally dependent on insulin shots. The pancreas gland works both as endocrine and exocrine gland, because it is a glandular organ in the upper abdomen, but really it serves as two glands in one, a digestive exocrine gland and hormone – producing endocrine gland functioning as an exocrine gland , the pancreas excretes enzymes to breakdown the proteins.

October 11, 2018

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